- Arm Crutches
- Elbow Crutches
- Forearm Crutches
Preparation for crutch walking:
Arms: The power of the extensors and adductors of the shoulder and the extensors of the elbow must be assessed and if necessary strengthened before the patient starts walking. The hand grip must also be tested to see that the patient has sufficient power and mobility to grasp the hand piece.
Legs: Non weight bearing- The mobility and strength of the unaffected leg should be assessed, paying particular attention to hip abductors and extensors, the knee extensors and the plantar flexors of the ankle. These muscles must be sufficiently strong to take weight.
Partial weight bearing- The mobility and strength of both legs should be assessed and muscles strengthened where necessary.
Balance: Sitting and standing balance must be tested and trained if necessary.