Wednesday, 31 December 2014

Side Wheel Attachment Help Handicap To Drive Bike

A physical handicap does not need to get in the way of your love of the open road. Manish Steel Works develops the motorcycle equipment necessary to easily ride bikes regardless of upper or lower-body inabilities.



Manish Steel Works has been building products to compensate for the physical handicaps of motorcycle enthusiasts since the 1975. Our two main products are the Side Wheel Attachment and Fix Side Wheel Attachment, both of which are revolutionizing the road for disabled motorcyclists.


The Side Wheel Attachment or Three wheeler for handicapped is our product, designed for use with bikes meant for the open road or the racetrack. Instead of shifting with a foot, a rider can drive easily their bike on road using his or her hand. This piece of equipment has been tested at well-known motorcycle tracks.

Manish Steel Works also offers other modified equipment:

Manish Steel Works provides assembly and installation for all of our products at our facilities in Indore. We conduct free consultations for all prospective customers to see how we can fulfill your specific needs.

We manufacture our products to fit the widest array of motorcycles and all-terrain vehicles possible.

Saturday, 27 December 2014

Facilities For Disabilities In India Under Disability Act of 1995

India's Disability Act of 1995 provides various facilities for both children and adults with disabilities in India.


Under the Disabilities Act of India, children with disabilities have the right to free education until they reach the age of eighteen in schools that are integrated, or in ‘special,’ schools. Children with disabilities have the right to appropriate transportation, removal of architectural barriers, as well as the restructuring of curriculum and modifications in the examination system. Scholarships, uniforms, books, and teaching materials are all provided to children with disabilities for free in India.

Children with disabilities in India have access to special schools that are equipped with vocational training facilities, and non-formal education. India provides training institutions for teachers in order to establish manpower. Parents of children with disabilities in the nation can move to an appropriate court for the redress of grievances in regards to their children with disabilities; Mobility Products for Handicapped.

Parents of children with disabilities in India are required to obtain a, 'disability certificate,' in order to access the facilities mentioned above; they can obtain this certificate from their nearest government hospital, where an Identity Card from the, 'Office of the Commissioner for Disabilities,' will issue it. People in rural areas can obtain this Identity Card from their Block Development Officer’s Office (BDO).

Recent Disability Figures in India:

  • At least 1.2 million people with disabilities in India are living in households consisting only of people with disability.
  • While the total people with disabilities increased by just over 22 per cent over a decade, from almost 22 million in the Census 2001 to 26.8 million in 2011, the number of people with disabilities living on their own has nearly doubled, jumping by 84 per cent in the same period.
  • About 6.3 lakh people with disabilities lived alone in single member households and 2.7 lakh two-member households had two disabled people each (about 5.5 lakh in all) staying on their own in households without any non-disabled person.
  • Among the larger states, Jammu & Kashmir has the highest proportion of households with at least one person with disability, over 12 per cent, followed by Odisha with 10 per cent of such households.
  • Interestingly, in Delhi and Tamil Nadu, which have strong disability rights movements compared to other states, only 5 per cent of households were identified as having one or more people with disabilities. These movements have consistently maintained that official data is underestimating the actual number of people with disabilities in India.
  • In the 2011 census, 92 per cent of the nearly 25 crore households in the country had no people with disabilities. Over two crore households had one or more people with disabilities. Almost 71 per cent of these households (1.46 crore) were in rural areas while the remaining 60.5 lakh-plus households were in urban areas.
  • There was a fall in the proportion of households with one or more people with disabilities from about 10 per cent in 2001 to just 8 per cent in 2011, though the absolute number of such households has gone up by over 20 lakh or 2 million.

Friday, 26 December 2014

Equality for all cyclists: The social justice case for mass cycling

Do busy roads put off cyclists with disabilities, women or older people? And if so, could local authorities be made to improve cycle infrastructure under equality legislation?

It’s fair to say that, for all the government promises of a “cycling revolution”, not a vast amount has happened in recent years to improve the lot of cyclists on Indian roads. Campaigns, pestering MPs, direct action – nothing seems to have worked.

So how about just taking legal action under equalities legislation, forcing local authorities to provide proper cycle infrastructure?

OK, it’s probably not going to happen soon, even if you could find somebody rich and patient enough to fund a fairly speculative test case.

Handicapped Tricycle

But the idea, is nonetheless fascinating as it highlights one of the lesser-aired arguments for a more cycle- and walking-friendly world: the issue of social justice.

Numerous other studies on “environmental inequality” have noted that poorer people, who own the fewest cars, often live by the busiest roads.

An extension to this is the idea that the forms of transport arguably most accessible to all income groups – walking and cycling – are the ones least catered for by public infrastructure.

Writing on the issue, these inequalities also take in, while in countries like the Netherlands about as many women as men get about by bike, in England a fairly macho cycling culture, which often necessitates mixing it with fast-moving cars, partly explains why little more than a quarter of bike commuters are female.


This is often an ignored area, but the statistics show that 5.1% of cycle commuters in India are people whose day-to-day activities are limited in some way – that is to say they have some form of disability. While this isn’t much below the total proportion of commuters with disabilities, at 6.8%, there is a huge variation between areas for bike commuting among those with disabilities, ranging from 0.2% to 25.9%.

Handicapped Tricycle Manufacturers India

Thursday, 25 December 2014

Merry Christmas From Typist Who Is Wheelchair Fencing Champion

Merry Christmas from Chandrakumar B

When Chandrakumar B sold vegetables in a Wheelchair in Purusawalkam market, he never dreamed that 10 years later he would travel to Hungary, China, Bangkok and France as a sportsman. Today, as a four-time national wheelchair fencing champion, he has lived out the dream.

The 40-year-old physics graduate and typist with Corporation of Chennai says everyday life is not very different from competing in a fencing suit. Chandrakumar, who won a gold medal at the 7th national championships held in Chhattisgarh earlier this month, was affected by polio when he was 2 years old and has a 65% disability in the left leg. He uses a wheelchair only while taking part in the sport.

He registered with the employment board in 1988 and had to wait for 20 years to get a call for a job. "I was getting older and had resigned myself to never getting a job,". He got a call in 2008 and joined the civil supplies and consumer protection department in Ezhilagam.

That was a lucky year, one in which a childhood friend, Venkatesh, introduced him to fencing. "Venkatesh is disabled too and we used compete in shotput and discus throwing as children," Chandrakumar said. "I took part in a training programme the Paralympic Association of Tamil Nadu conducted at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. I initially thought it was just fun, poking around. But when I learnt technique and developed skills in the sport, I started to perform well, and I was hooked," he said.

Chandrakumar chose the epee over the two other fencing weapons, the foil and sabre, despite it being heavier than both because it allows for slower combat tempo and sudden bursts of speed.

Bangalore-based sports psychologist Shree Advani said fencing is a dangerous combat sport regardless of whether a competitor is on his feet or in a wheelchair. "It is all about outsmarting and overpowering your opponent, which Chandrakumar possibly finds easy because he has mastered difficulties in the past," he said.
Chandrakumar's struggles are similar to those other people with disability face, but he attributes his success to meeting the right people. With support from corporates and Rotary Club and money that his friends pooled, he made it to the International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports World Games, 2011, and bagged a bronze - just three years after he took up the sport.

Chandrakumar, an advocate for the rights of the disabled, helped establish the Tamil Nadu Differently-Abled Federation Charitable Trust. "Accessibility is a problem for the disabled, both at the workplace and in public," he said. "We are respected when we compete abroad but feel like castaways as soon as we land at an Indian airport."


Saturday, 6 December 2014

Tricycle Specially For Disabled People

Tricycles are mobility devices that can be custom built for individuals with disabilities that inhibit their ability to ride a typical bike or tricycle.  Some of these disabilities include, but are not limited to, Cerebral Palsy, Spina Bifida, Muscular Dystrophy, Angelman Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Down Syndrome, and visually impaired.  These tricycles offer a multitude of features that can benefit your child or youth, to allow them the joy of bike riding.

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Some features include:  increased trunk support, rear control steering, assisted pedaling, adjustable handlebars, and foot strapping.  By utilizing a Concepts Tricycle as part of your child’s physical therapy treatment you are providing them with a fun activity as well as cardiovascular benefits, stimulation of reciprocal leg movement which is essential for walking and crawling, muscular strengthening and endurance training, vestibular stimulation, and upper extremity use for activities such as steering.
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Many children start out on a tricycle before moving on to a bike. Tricycles offer a safe way for toddlers and young children to begin developing the skills necessary to balance and ride on two wheels. Adults can get enjoyment out of tricycles as well as building strength and improving fitness. The stability offered by having a third wheel is just one reason why tricycles make a good choice for fun and exercise at any age.

In addition to providing Concepts Tricycles for treatment purposes, Starfish Therapies is also an assessment center and can assist you in finding the perfect tricycle for your child.  
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Friday, 5 December 2014

Specialist Tricycle Will Give Disabled Boy The Chance To Finally Play With His Friends

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A 7-year-old boy from Southport, who was born with a medical condition that restricts his ability to play with his friends, is set to have much more fun in the playground thanks to receiving a Specialist Tricycle.

Matthew Evans, who has Kabuki Syndrome, a condition which left him with a narrowing aorta in his heart, and weak muscle tone in his legs, was unable to walk until he was 3½-years-old. Although he can now walk by himself he can be unsteady on his feet. 
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10169.13 Matthew Evans tricycle - document

As a result he's found it difficult to play outside with other children, often having to watch them from indoors.

Matthew's mum, Kathryn, explained that the tricycle has had an immediate impact on her sons quality of life: "He's taken to it so well. Until now the lack of power in his legs made him unable to pedal. But the new tricycle has been engineered to make pedalling that much easier, and now he pedals everywhere with a huge smile on his face."

The tricycle has a steering rod which enables Kathryn, along with dad Frank, to steer whilst Matthew puts in the leg work; further developing the muscle tone in is limbs.

Kathryn explained that it's not just about physical development: "Obviously, the more Matthew uses the tricycle the more strength he will develop in his legs, however, it's also making him a more confident boy. He's pushing himself to go faster and he's now much more involved with other children. He's competing against them, so the tricycle is improving him both physically and emotionally."
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Matthew's 4-year-old sister, Laura, is also benefiting from the tricycle as it allows the whole family to go out together. This has helped in further developing her relationship with her brother and he's even allowed her to have a go on his new tricycle: "Matthew has let her ride it a couple of times, in the garden, but she knows that it's his 'special' bike," said Kathryn.



Thursday, 4 December 2014

History Of Tricycle

A three-wheeled wheelchair was built in 1655 or 1680 by a disabled German man, Stephan Farffler, who wanted to be able to maintain his mobility. Since he was a watch-maker, he was able to create a vehicle that was powered by hand cranks.

In 1789, two French inventors developed a three wheeled vehicle, powered by pedals; They called it the tricycle.
19th century tricycle used in Iran

In 1818, British inventor Denis Johnson patented his approach to designing tricycles.[clarification needed] In 1876, James Starley developed the Coventry Lever Tricycle, which used two small wheels on the right side and a large drive wheel on the left side; power was supplied by hand levers. In 1877, Starley developed a new vehicle he called the Coventry Rotary, which was "one of the first rotary chain drive tricycles." Starley's inventions started a tricycling craze in Britain; by 1879, there were " twenty types of tricycles and multi-wheel cycles ... produced in Coventry, England, and by 1884, there were over 120 different models produced by 20 manufacturers." The first front steering tricycle was manufactured by The Leicester Safety Tricycle Company of Leicester, England in 1881 which was brought to the market in 1882 costing £18. They also developed a folding tricycle at the same time.Buy online Tricycle for handicapped at lowest price and cheap cost in India from wheelchair India online shopping store of Tricycle manufacturer, distributor, and supplier of variety of Tricycles at low price in India  for handicapped and disability product like  Disabled Tricycle  Deluxe Double Hand Drive, Tricycle Deluxe Single Hand Drive, Tricycle Standard Double Hand Drive, Tricycle Regular Single Hand Drive, Standard Single Hand Drive Tricycle,  along with that we offer huge discount.



Tricycles were used by riders who did not feel comfortable on the high wheeler s, such as women who wore long, flowing dresses. In the UK, upright tricycles are sometimes referred to as "barrows". Many trike enthusiasts ("trikes") in the UK belong to the Tricycle Association, formed in 1929. They participate in day rides, tours and time trials. Massed start racing of upright tricycles is limited to one or two criteriums such as in Bun-gay, Suffolk each year.

Human powered tricycles

A tricycle, often abbreviated to trike,is a three-wheeled vehicle, commonly human-powered.

Tricycles are used by children and adults alike for their stability versus a bicycle. In the United States and Canada, adult-sized tricycles are used by senior adults for recreation, shopping, and exercise. In Asia and Africa, tricycles called pedicabs are used to transport passengers; tricycles are also used to transport freight and make deliveries.

In the Philippines, a tricycle is a for hire, public utility vehicle consisting of a motorcycle and an attached passenger sidecar; it is not to be confused with the trisikad, an unmotorised, three-wheeled pedicabs also found in the country.

Human-powered trikes are powered by pedals or hand cranks. Motorized trikes can be powered by motorcycle engines, smaller automatic transmission scooter motors, or electric motors.
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Wednesday, 3 December 2014

International Disability Day Schemes and Programmes

International day for persons with disabilities on 3rd December - Note on schemes for the welfare of persons with disabilities and concessions available to them.

The Government of India is committed for the realization of full participation, protection of rights, and equal opportunities to all including persons with disabilities. India is a country where most of the population lives in the rural areas and accessing the health and rehabilitation services has always been a challenge. In a Backgrounder issued yesterday, a brief summary of the major steps initiated by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment in this direction were given.

Following is the Background Note on the legislative and Institutional framework along with the major schemes of the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment for the welfare of the People with Disabilities (PwDs). The Note also contains information on facilities and concessions available to PwDs under other central schemes which are being run by other Union Ministries.


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Legislative Framework:

There are four important legislations dealing on disabilities issues- The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, has laid the foundation of recognition of rights for Persons with Disabilities and has facilitated development of specific programmes for their education, rehabilitation, employment, non-discrimination and social security. The Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992 regulates and monitors training of rehabilitation professionals and personnel. The National Trust for the welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999, aims at enabling and empowering persons with disabilities to live independently as fully as possible in their community. Mental Health Act, 1987, address to the specific needs of persons with mental illness.

Institutional Framework:

The Government of India has set up the seven National Institutes with the objective to prepare human resources in the field of rehabilitation. These institutes are apex and autonomous bodies having tripartite functions of training, research and services in the field of disability rehabilitation. Besides, Six Composite Regional Centres and 199 District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (DDRC) are functional and providing rehabilitation services across the country.

Other Institutions:

Rehabilitation Council of India was set up to regulates the training policies, programmes and standardizes training courses for professionals dealing with the persons with disabilities. At present, 73 long term / short term rehabilitation courses are in operation and have more than 50,000 registered rehabilitation professional in India.

National Trust is a body corporate, constituted with the objectives to enable and empower persons with disability to live independently and as fully as possible within and as close to their community.

Corporation:

National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC) was set up on 24th January 1997 with an objective to promote economic development activities and self-employment ventures for the benefit of persons with disability.

Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities:

The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities set up under Section 57 of the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 and is mandated to take steps to safeguard the rights and facilities to the persons with disabilities. In the year 2009-10, 931 cases were registered with the CCPD and 1071 cases including backlog cases were disposed of. During the last three years from 2007-08 to 2009-10, 11,254 grievances were taken up by the Office of Chief Commissioner of Persons with Disabilities with various authorities. Out of them, 7532 grievances were handled in the Mobile Courts and 3722 complaints were received or were taken up suo motu at the office of CCPD. Similarly State Commissioners are also appointed under Section 60 (1) of the PwD Act, 1995 to perform a similar function in the States.

Schemes and Programmes under the Ministry

Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS) is a Central Scheme that includes projects for providing education and vocational training and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. During 2009-10, Rs 61.56 crore were released to support 445 NGOs covering 1.13 lakh beneficiaries. In the current year the total allocation is Rs. 120 crore.

Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids/ Appliances (ADIP) Scheme provides grant in aid to various implementing agencies (NGOs/NIs/District Disability Rehabilitation Centres/ALIMCO/ State Handicapped Development Corporation/other local bodies) to assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable, sophisticated and scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances that can promote their physical, social and psychological rehabilitation. During 2009-10 an amount of Rs 67.35 crores have been released to support 66 NGOs.

Scheme for Implementation of the Persons with Disabilities Act (SIPDA) : Under SIPDA, the financial assistance is being given to State Government/ Union Territories, Universities/ Institutes/ Organizations set up and supported by Central/ State Governments for various activities relating to or arising out of implementation of PwD Act especially for creating barrier free environment in Universities, Institutes, Public buildings, State Government Secretariat, etc. During 2009-10 an amount of Rs 10.84 crores have been released and Rs 100 crores has been allocated for the year 2010-11.

Incentive to employers in private sector : Under this Scheme, the Government of India provides the employer’s contribution for Employees Provident Fund (EPF) and Employees State Insurance (ESI) for 3 years, for persons with disabilities employed in the private sector on or after 01.04.2008, with a monthly salary upto Rs.25,000.

As on 31.03.2010, 158 and 307 persons have been covered by EPFO and ESIC respectively under the scheme.

Scholarship Scheme:

The National Handicapped Welfare Fund, subsequently renamed as National Fund for People with Disabilities (National Fund) was established in 1983 under the Charitable Endowment Act, 1890. Presently, the National Fund is implementing a scholarship scheme for students with disabilities out of interest income generated by a corpus of funds invested in banks and other financial securities. This scheme has been implemented since the academic year 2002-03.

The 500 new scholarships to be awarded each year are equally distributed (125 each) for the four major categories of disabilities viz. (i) Orthopedic (ii) Visual (iii) Hearing and (iv) Others. Further, 40% of the scholarships in each category are reserved for girls.

During the financial year 2009-10, 284 new Scholarships have been sanctioned besides releasing Scholarship to 153 students for the previous year.

Employment:

The PwD Act provides for reservation of at least 3% of vacancies for persons with disabilities in Government Establishments.

The action taken is monitored by Department of Personnel & Training and a Special Recruitment Drive has also been undertaken to fill up the backlog vacancies.

A scheme of Incentives to Employers in the Private Sector for providing Employment to the Persons with Disabilities has been launched with effect from 1.4.2008.

Wage employment and Self employment Schemes of the Government of India make special provisions for the increased coverage of persons with disabilities.

Disability Pension:

Under Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS), pension is provided to BPL person in the age group of 18-64 with severe or multiple disability. The rate of Central assistance under IGNDPS is Rs. 200/- per month per beneficiary. State Governments have been urged to contribute at least Rs. 200/- from their end. 15 lakh beneficiaries are estimated to be covered under IGNDPS.

Health Care:

Several programmes have been launched with a view to provide health care and preventive measures for persons with disabilities such as National Programme for Control of Blindness, National Leprosy Control Programme, Urban Leprosy Control Programme, National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness, National Mental Programme, and National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme.

Non-Government Organizations are also supported for undertaking programmes on early intervention and early detection of disabilities.

Scheme of Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS)

The scheme was introduced during 2009-10. It aims at well being of children in difficult circumstances and reduction of their vulnerability to abusive and exploitative situations by establishing statutory support and service delivery structures throughout the country. The Scheme also provides for setting up of 'special services for children with special needs' in Children's Homes for children affected by HIV/AIDS and substance abuse as well mentally or physically challenged children who are in need of long term care.

Facilities/Concessions:

Various concessions and facilities to persons with disabilities which include concessions in rail travel for different categories of persons with disabilities including travel with accompany, separate reservation counter, barrier free features in the railway stations, specially designed coaches in several trains etc.

Ministry of Civil Aviation also provides facilities like wheelchairs, Ambulift at some airports, reserved parking in major airports, special adapted toilets etc. Further Indian Air Carrier offers concession of 50% in economic class to passengers with locomotor disabilities. Similar concession is also provided to blind persons. Guidelines have been issued to all airlines to address to various special needs of person with disabilities.

Assistance is provided to various sports Organizations for National and International Tournaments for persons with disabilities, participation of disabled and intellectually challenged sports persons in sports competitions abroad, procurement of sports equipments etc. Grants are provided to schools including special schools for engagement of coaches and purchase of sports of sports equipments etc. under a new Scheme, Scheme of Sports and Games for the Disabled. Scheme of Pension to meritorious sports persons also cover the medal winners in Paralympic Games.

Medical Electronics & Telemedicine Division of Ministry of Communication and IT have undertaken various projects like Re-design and fabrication of Motor Wheel Chair, Computational Analysis of speech impairment, Development of High Speed Inter-point Braille Embosser, Establishment of E-Learning and E-classroom system for Visually impaired, Design & Development of Cost- Effective Bio-Signals Controlled Prosthetic Hand, etc. for the benefit persons with disabilities.

Sunday, 30 November 2014

Tricycles Recommended for Handicapped People

People with bicycles in around the world the number into the billions. Bicycles provide economical transportation, are eco-friendly, and offer good exercise. The disabled have, until recently, been excluded from these benefits. In today's pedal power manufacturing arena, tricycles for handicapped people are becoming a worldwide possibility. Innovative ideas take each type of individual's abilities into consideration. Important factors for the handicapped are stability, comfort and control.
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One-Arm Steering

A tricycle for a handicapped person who has function in only one arm can use a circle bar for steering. The open frame design makes mounting and dismounting the tricycle much easier. The seat can swivel slightly between the rear two tires to make this even easier. Pedal function can be attached directly to the front wheel, or chain driven to the rear two tires which is more common. With a hitch attachment and a wagon, children can even travel with their handicapped parents.Buy  Tricycle for handicapped and disabled at lowest price and cheap cost in india from wheelchair india online shopping store of Tricycle manufacturer, distributor, dealer and supplier of variety of Tricycles at low Handicap Tricycle Price  in india  for handicapped.

Pedal Steering

Tricycles for persons without the use of their arms have the ability to pedal normally and steer with their knees, or by mastering the use of turning using the pedals. This particular configuration can also add pedal function to the front or rear wheels, with the steering being done with knees on the front wheel. Rear wheel pedaling does not allow for pedal steering. The open frame design again allows for the person to mount and dismount the cycle easily.

Hand Pedaling and Steering
A person without the use of either of their legs can obtain a tricycle that allows the pedal to be positioned at the handle bar. The pedal action is chain driven to the front or rear wheels, and the steering is almost identical to the normal tricycle steering by using the pedal handles. Some of these models will allow the seat to slide forward and sideways, so the open frame design allows transfer from the tricycle to a wheel chair, chair or automobile.

 
Recumbent

These tricycles have the person positioned well in between the rear wheels, with the handle bar being positioned far back from the front wheel for easy access to the rider. The recumbent cycle is well suited for those with back issues who need the added support of a seat back. Pedal power is almost always to the rear tires, and the handle bar will rise out of the way for mounting and dismounting the open frame design.
 
Recumbent Pedal Steering

Recumbent pedal steering is actually performed by the knees leaning left and right. Stability in a recumbent cycle is extremely good due to the position of the person down between the rear wheels. Comfort can be increased for individuals with back issues due to seats being designed for both back and head support.
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Recumbent Hand Pedaling Steering

The recumbent hand pedaling and steering cycle follows much of the design as the upright hand pedal steering cycle. This model can be adapted to both front or real wheel pedaling while the steering is connected to only the front wheel. Stability, comfort, mounting and dismounting with the pedal-handlebar being able to lay to the side or up out of the way allows, for many handicapped persons, the options of most any other tricycle.

 
Duel Person Tricycles

Should a handicapped person have a handicapped partner to travel with, there are even tricycles made for two people. One person having the ability to steer while the other pedals. These are normally made for each person to be sitting side by side between the rear wheels.

Saturday, 29 November 2014

A Success Story Of Help Handicapped

He loss of a foot or limb due to landmine explosions or any disease is a major tragedy for any human being and to come to terms with this loss of a part of the body is not only a very traumatic experience but also fraught with dire economic consequences.

A financially independent person suddenly realizes that he or she is totally at the mercy of relatives and friends and unable to indulge in any income generating activity. Prospects of poverty loom large over the horizon and this mental anguish coupled with the physical injury can wreck many a life.Buy online Handicapped Tricycle  and disabled at lowest price and cheap cost in india from wheelchair india online shopping store of Tricycle manufacturer, distributor, dealer and supplier of variety of Tricycles at low price in india  for handicapped

Rehabilitation of such individuals is of prime importance and it is here that Help Handicapped International (HHI) plays a pivotal role especially in conflict areas where the number of landmine amputees is large.

HHI is a registered charity working for the welfare of the physically handicapped and an NGO in special consultative status with ECOSOC.


HHI specializes in fitting the Jaipur Foot prosthetic-an artificial limb developed in India and the most preferred in Asia and Africa because of the following factors:
(i) It is light in weight
(ii) It is fast and easy to fabricate. Since its manufacturing takes only a few hours the patient who comes to the centre in the morning can walk out on his own artificial limb by evening.
(iii) It is very cost effective.
(iv) It facilitates cycling, walking bare foot and squatting-all tasks essential to lead a near normal life in these continents.

Post fitment the patient undergoes physiotherapy sessions to become accustomed to the artificial limb. He or she is also explained about some simple exercises that could be carried out at home as well as some tips on the proper use and maintenance of the prosthetic.

HHI has been organizing camps for fitting of Jaipur Foot prosthetics to landmine and other amputees in Afghanistan, Sudan, Burundi and Kenya. The last three countries now have a permanent centre for this activity and thousands of handicapped have availed of the facilities. Two camps have been organized at Kabul in Afghanistan where over 1000 amputees have been rehabilitated.
In association with other organizations HHI has also undertaken similar activities in the Dominican Republic and Honduras.
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HHI is also helping its associate trust-Ratna Nidhi Charitable Trust-to organize Mobility Camps for the handicapped at several locations in India. These camps offer free fitting of Jaipur Foot to amputees, Callipers to polio affected children as well as free distribution of Tricycles, Wheelchairs and Crutches. Over 50,000 handicapped have benefitted from these camps during the last three years.


HHI’s success story is unique because at first glance its activities might seem to be not even distantly connected with the theme of the Annual Ministerial Review of 2007 which is Strengthening efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger, including through the global partnership for development.
However, it must be emphasized that hunger and poverty can be temporarily eradicated by handing out a dole. However, any sustainable and effective eradication program necessitates creation of an income generating avenue for the beneficiary and this is what HHI is trying to do by rehabilitating the handicapped and making them physically able to continue with their profession. It is an indirect route to attaining the desired goal but nevertheless permanent in nature as well more dignified and socially acceptable.


In fact HHI has gone a step further by co-ordinating the fabrication of special purpose vending machines based on the tricycle-a three wheeler cycle very popular in Asia. An amputee can use this custom built cycle as a mobile vendor of day to day necessities and thus become economically independent in spite of his handicap.
Unfortunately the number of landmine amputees in the conflict areas of the world is so huge that to rehabilitate all of them is a daunting task calling for time, efforts and above all resources.

Help Handicapped International is fully committed to the cause and realizes that its success story would not have a happy ending till a majority of our unfortunate physically challenged brethren are put on the road to economic salvation.

Friday, 28 November 2014

Wheelchair Ergonomics

INTRODUCTION

Wheelchairs provide variable mobility to people with various physical disabilities. There are four major types of wheelchairs: indoor, outdoor, combined and special. Ergonomics, or design of equipment to prevent injury, considers all physical and anatomical limitations of the users. Occupational therapists perform ergonomic assessments to evaluate proper wheelchair fit for each individual client. A complete assessment may prevent future injury, and improve mobility.Buy online Ergonomic Wheelchair  for handicapped and disabled at lowest price and cheap cost in india from wheelchair india online shopping store.

SEAT WIDTH

The width of the wheelchair seat is based on the users’ widest point, usually the hips or thighs. If shoulders are wide, consider the shoulder width when choosing a seat width. A too-wide seat leads to difficulty in mobility, inadequate support and discomfort. A narrow seat contributes to pressure sores, inadequate support and discomfort. It is important to have an exact measurement of the seat width for optimal mobility and environmental accessibility.

SEAT DEPTH

The seat depth is measured from the back of the pelvis to the back of the knee. Users with one leg longer than the other require both legs measured. Also, make sure the user is in a proper posture prior to all measurements. Subtract 1 to 2 inches from the measurements for optimal comfort.

SEAT HEIGHT AND ANGLE

The distance of the seat from the floor needs to consider a ground clearance of foot rests at 2 to 3 inches. When using a seat cushion, its thickness needs to be considered in this measurement. Also, drop hooks lengths need to be subtracted. It is important to have knees at 90 degrees when the feet are placed on the ground.Buy online Ergonomic Wheelchair for handicapped and disabled at lowest price and cheap cost in india from wheelchair india online shopping store of Ergonomic Wheelchair manufacturer, dealer and supplier of variety of karma Ergonomic Wheelchair  at low price in india

Tilting the back of the wheelchair seat down towards the floor provides multiple benefits. It assists gravity with positioning, improves vision, improves stability, and trunk control, while increasing comfort. The tilt is accomplished by decreasing rear wheel size, or increasing the front castor.

BACK HEIGHT

The back height of the wheelchair is measured from the top of the seat cushion to the top of the back support cloth. Occupational therapists assess the height of the user, their balance needs, and their need for support in relation to the wheelchair. If the back height is too high a user will have limited arm and shoulder mobility. If the height is too low, the user has inadequate support resulting in fatigue and sliding. The therapists will use five anatomical landmarks for these measurements, depending on the condition of the user. Also, proper seat to back angle needs evaluation.

FOOTRESTS AND ARMRESTS

The footrest settings must accommodate the length of the users’ legs. A measurement is taken from the back of the knee to the heel. Shoes should be worn during the measuring. The thickness of the cushion is subtracted from this measurement. If the footrest length is high it leads to pelvic pressure, hip rotation and discomfort. Too low footrests result in thigh pressure, hip rotation and sliding. Also, footrest angles usually sit at 60, 70 or 90 degrees. Pediatric users find 90 degrees helpful.

Armrest height is measured from the seat surface, or cushion, to the elbow. During measurements the elbow is flexed at 90 degrees, the arms are comfortable at the sides, while the shoulders remain relaxed. Armrest width should accommodate the environment and assist in transfers to and from the wheelchair. 

Thursday, 27 November 2014

Basic Wheelchair Information

Instruction for Wheelchair User
  • Seat width and depth
If the chair is too big or too small it will be difficult to use and uncomfortable.
  • Pelvic (hip) position and support
If your hips are not positioned well, it might be hard to use your arms and it could make you tired. Basically, your hips are the base of your support when you are sitting, it is important to know if they are straight or if one side is higher than the other.
  • Cushion
A VERY important part of the wheelchair! You need to feel stable and have a cushion that will decrease the possibility of a pressure sore. Ideally, the clinic will pressure map you sitting on the cushion.
  • Leg support
Footrest angle, leg rest length, foot support – it is important your feet are aligned well so you have as much support to sit up as well as possible. You can what feels most supportive.Buy online Basic Wheelchair for handicapped and disabled at lowest price and cheap cost in india from wheelchair india online shopping store of  Basic Wheelchair  manufacturer, distributor, dealer and supplier of variety of Karma Basic Wheelchair at low price in india
  • Appropriate trunk support
The back support of the wheelchair will help you stay upright and increase your endurance. Just like a good seat in a car, if it is comfortable and you are able to move as freely as possible and have the support you need, you can drive longer and be more alert.
  • Back support
You might want a low back or a high back. A low back will give you more room to move your arms, but has less back support. A high back will provide support, but might limit your arm movement.
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  • Chest support
Lateral supports (supports the side of your chest) or chest strap (a strap on your chest if you are worried you will fall forward). These features help you keep your balance when leaning forward, or to the side.
  • Headrest
You might want a head support if you feel it gives you the necessary support while driving your chair or if your wheelchair seat is able to tilt back.

Wednesday, 26 November 2014

Wheelchair Safety With Power Wheelchairs

Folding Lightweight Wheelchairs

For indoor wheelchair safety the folding power wheelchair models that are lightweight have front casters which turn easily, making them ideal for use in small apartments. Having the casters in front makes this a dangerous chair to use outdoors as the front wheels can turn sharply if encountering a crack in the sidewalk, incline, or rocks.Wheelchair india is manufacturer, supplier, distributor and dealer of Karma KP 10.2 Power Wheelchair for disabled and handicapped in india.

They usually have one or two removable batteries and have a similar appearance as the manual wheelchair. They can be controlled with a joystick or a sip and puff method.
Lightweight Power Assisted Wheelchairs

These chairs can be propelled in a similar manner as the manual wheelchair or use a battery. You may want this type if you want to keep fit and get some exercise but need some power when going up an incline or when traveling a distance. They are smaller and lighter weight than the folding wheelchair and have smaller batteries and motors.

Dual Purpose Power Wheelchairs

These chairs generally are good for either indoor or outdoor use. You need to have larger wheels in front for outdoors as this is a safety feature. It is better to have six wheels for stability when traveling outdoors.

These indoor/outdoor power chairs compromise wheelchair safety and perform poorly when you do not have enough room to turn indoors and you need to travel over rough ground and uneven surfaces.

Their optimum performance indoors is when you have wider doors and hallways in assisted living facilities, nursing homes, or homes/apartments. Ideal outdoor surfaces in urban and suburban areas would include sidewalks and paved areas.

Outdoor Power Wheelchairs

These chairs weigh as much as 400-500 pounds, add the weight of the user up to 250 pounds and the total weight is approximately 650 pounds. They are very efficient outdoors with their rear wheels they can safely climb up to 40% grades and curbs.

The wheelchair safety for steering comes from the rear wheel dolly or by braking with one front wheel and turning with the other. Some options include elevating seats, back/headrests and leg rests. Due to their weight, should they require maintenance, a tow truck may need to be called.
Indoor Stair Climbing Power Chairs

The past 30 years has produced some stair climbing wheelchairs. Liability insurance has prohibited some manufacturers from pursuing the development of this type of power mobility device. Users are at a high risk of serious injury or death if they occupy the wheelchair while climbing stairs. Others in the area are also at risk for injury or death.

There are several things to consider before you are purchase a stair climbing power chair. A few of the most important factors include the strength to control the manual controls to turn or brake quickly. Your vision needs to be clear enough to see defects or objects on the stairs that would cause an accident. You should be able to understand the dynamics of how the power chair climbs the stairs.

Other considerations include using familiar versus unfamiliar stairs on a regular basis, keeping the stairs/steps clutter free and training from a professional. Who will climb the stairs first...the therapist, engineer, user?

Wheelchair Controls

Most power chairs are controlled by the user without the use of computers, etc. The wheelchair safety of this operation is dependent upon the quick reaction and alertness of the user to recognize dangerous situations. A young, healthy, alert paraplegic with good upper body strength is at less risk for injury than an older powerchair user who is weak and has decreased reaction time.

Factor out the cost of the computer system that responds and can be programmed to recall different terrains, stairs, etc. it is generally recommended to have this feature on your power chair. Theoretically it is ideal, however, reality says there is always the possibility of it failing at a critical time. You should consult your power mobility trainer, therapist or physician for the best recommendations for you.

Arm Stabilization

It is important to provide good support for your arms, not only for posture, but for the safe operation and control of your power scooter or wheelchair. There are several styles of arm supports systems that can be installed depending upon your specific need. Ask your power wheelchair professional what would be best for you.

Wheelchair Brake Systems

Critical to wheelchair safety is knowing your brake system. Manual braking systems can be configured and installed on all power wheelchairs or scooters. Be sure that you or the user can operate them efficiently should the need arise. Most joy sticks move the power chairs forward, backward, turning left and right and when released the power chair stops or brakes.

Ask your power wheelchair vendor about manual or mechanical brakes. Dynamic brakes do not lock the wheels of your chair or keep it from rolling down a steep incline. For quadriplegics unable to use the standard manual brakes, a user controlled small electric motor can be installed.

Power Wheelchair Brake Systems

A safety shut off should be installed for the person using other methods of control than the typical hand control. The normal user can control the movement and braking system with hands.

The quadriplegic should have special shut off controls that have electronic sensors that detect when the chair is out of control and can immediately “shut off” or stop the power wheelchair. Again, being persistent and getting these wheelchair safety features installed is only to your benefit.

Wheel Safety

Power wheelchairs used outdoors should have powered large wheels in front, never a caster style wheel that can get caught in cracks or uneven surfaces. Caster wheels in front are best used on indoor chairs and when outside on smooth, solid surfaces. Front caster wheels are designed for improved maneuverability indoors.

Wheelchair Safety With Disabilities

For optimum wheelchair safety you should have a seatbelt fastened around your waist and around your chest. As with all belts the user should be able to quickly release in case of an emergency.
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Healthy, fit, active paraplegics are at the lowest risk of injury when operating a manual or power wheelchair.

Amputees with missing arms or legs are a low risk if they have good upper body control and strength and the wheelchair is set up for their individual needs.

Individuals with Parkinson's Disease, Cerebral Palsy, or Multiple Sclerosis are at a mild to moderate risk depending upon the advancement of the disease. These individuals tend to have decreased strength and motor control. An assessment for wheelchair safety is recommended.

Those individuals with very little upper body movement, using specialized systems such as sip and puff and or-gyroscopic (inertia) wheelchair controls are a high risk. Paralyzed children and adults, as well as very small adults requiring specialized seating most often use power wheelchairs and are high risk for injury. 

Tuesday, 25 November 2014

Benefit Of Power Wheelchair

Power mobility allows people to move within their home and community and it can help maximize independence for those with limited mobility. The two main types of power mobility available are in the form of electric scooters or power wheelchairs. The choice to use either an electric scooter versus an electric wheelchair depends on the users' needs and abilities. Knowing some of the benefits of power wheelchairs can help you also May know Power Wheelchair Cost for handicapped and disabled at lowest price and cheap cost in india from wheelchair india online shopping store of Power Wheelchair manufacturer, distributor, dealer and supplier of variety of Karma Power Wheelchair.


1.Seating Options
Power wheelchairs are customizable and have more options for seating. For users who require positioning devices for trunk control and stability, a power wheelchair can be customized with seat and back cushions with many positioning features. Power wheelchairs also have options for electric tilt and recline, which are features that can be beneficial for people who have limited ability to reposition themselves in the wheelchair. Tilt and recline features provide comfort and pressure relief from sitting for long periods of time.


2.Travel Distance
Both electric wheelchairs and electric scooters allow a person to travel for long distances. This is an important benefit for people with limited mobility as it provides opportunity to go farther in their community than they might in a manual wheelchair.
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3.Energy Conservation
Using a power wheelchair can be beneficial for conserving a person's energy. This is especially important for people with disabilities, such as multiple sclerosis or post polio syndrome. A power wheelchair can allow people to be mobile within their home or community without expending a lot of muscle work and energy. This, in turn, can benefit people by allowing them to conserve their energy for other activities important to them.

4.Space Conservation
A main difference between a power wheelchair and electric scooter is the turning radius. Power wheelchairs typically have a smaller turning radius, which means that they are more maneuverable in small spaces. Power wheelchairs also have more options with center wheel drives or front wheel drives for a small turning radius in tight spaces.

5.Variety of Terrain
Power wheelchairs also offer the benefit of traveling over a variety of terrain through the options of tire types and wheel positions. The most popular position for wheels in power wheelchairs are rear wheel drive, where the large wheel is in the back and the smaller casters are in front, which provides stability in driving both indoor and outdoor. Alternatively, center wheel drives or front wheel drives, where the large wheels are placed in the center or the front of the power wheelchair change the center of gravity for the wheelchair and can help in maneuvering over obstacles and curbs.
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    Monday, 24 November 2014

    Benefit Of Ergonomic Wheelchair

    Ergonomics: Benefits of Active Sitting for the Able-bodied
    The field of ergonomics, in particular that of office furniture, now offers various active sitting products that enable different kinds of movement: forward and backward, lateral (side to side), 360 degree wobble, etc. It is important to note that the ergonomic research also indicates that - although movement is necessary - it is not enough.

    All movements are not the same; there are movements to be avoided. For example, movement that alternates between different awkward sitting postures that repeatedly load the same joints will provide little benefit.Buy online Ergonomic Wheelchair for handicapped and disabled at lowest price and cheap cost in india from wheelchair india online shopping store of Ergonomic Wheelchair manufacturer, distributor, dealer and supplier of variety of karma Ergonomic Wheelchair at low price in india The benefits of active sitting are understood to occur with movements through a graded range of centered and symmetrical postures.
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    The active and controlled postural positions in sitting are believed to activate and strengthen muscles in the back and core area,to relieve the static loads acting on joints, ligaments, and tendons, and to promote circulation for elimination of waste products. Thus, a dynamic, ergonomic sitting position is believed to lead to improved posture, core stability, and circulation.

    Although extensive research in the field of ergonomics and active sitting is yet to become widely available, the logical benefits are easily extrapolated. The pelvis is tilted more forward in active sitting, and this pelvic position situates the spine for proper alignment and postural health.Since the individual is able to move in a controlled manner during active sitting, the body will strengthen postural muscles to maintain balance.

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    This conditioning of the core muscles of the spine and trunk may significantly aid in preventing back pain. In turn, it is understood that movement lubricates and nourishes the spinal joints and intervertebral discs, keeping skeletal joints flexible and healthy.Many age-related changes in spinal joints are likely due to a lack of proper nourishment and motion. With postural stabilization in sitting and reaching, the leg and calf muscles are activated.

    When the muscles of the lower extremities work lightly, as during active sitting, the resulting regular pumping action stimulates the return of lymphatic fluid, and minimizes lower leg edema and swollen ankles.Since movement allows blood to flow freely from the lower extremities, this improved circulation can reduce the risk of the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) while seated. 
    Meanwhile, overall bodily movement may "shake out" muscle tension and stress that can build up in the neck, shoulders, or jaw during prolonged sitting postures. It is even thought that movement while sitting might improve focus and alertness because of the sensory and vestibular input.

    Sunday, 23 November 2014

    Benefit Of Heavy Duty Wheelchair

    There are many ways in which a person with disabilities and physical mobility issues can get from A to B in this day and age. But bay far the most common method of personal transportation is the humble wheel chair. They come in many different designs as well as sizes, with light, heavy or medium weighted devices available for specific uses and to cater for the individual needs of the user.

    So in this News we'll take a brief look at Heavy Duty Wheelchair  and where they are needed most. This is not an in-depth look, but just an overview with a view to expanding upon this subject at a later date.

    Durability
    Of course the obvious use for heavy duty wheelchairs are for those users who have become very overweight or obese. This often happens directly due to the lack of exercise that their conditions bring about as it is sometimes simply not possible to engage in any form of meaningful exercise depending upon the severity of the physical handicap suffered by the user.

    In this case, then a heavy chassis and running gear are needed to cope with the extra weight of the user so that they can still get about in safety and comfort that the more lightweight wheelchairs would not be able to fulfill sufficiently.
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    Strengthening
    The additional bracing and strengthening that is needed for these types of chairs comes with the trade off that they are in themselves much heavier than regular or lightweight models and are therefore that much more difficult to push around. For this reason, the fitter and stronger helpers are required to assist for safety reasons.

    In some cases, when a wheelchair user needs a heavy duty version, the better option is to go for a motorized wheelchair. These devices are built to take the extra weight in their stride while negating the need for a helper and providing freedom and a modicum of additional dignity for the user.


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